Essay Writing: Basic tips for writing academic essays

You need only to adhere to a few simple principles:

A collection of random observations on a topic is still not an essay. Essays represent an argument. You try to answer a question. Possibly more directly related issues. It is important to make clear statements and then to occupy as solid.

imageThe first step in the creation of an essay should be to find the questions to be answered and to formulate as precisely as possible. Then begins the actual research, which, in combination with their own thinking and research to a formulated hypothesis, at least in brief. This first response, however, should never be considered as final. One’s own arguments must always be questioned and tested in order to achieve a useful result.

imageThere are many different ways to present arguments. For an essay, it is very important that the organization of work (from the introduction, the development of their own positions, until the final word) meets the needs of readers.

In addition, here are some basic practices, which all-good writers use:

You start at a very early stage of the work with writing. Before they feel it to be “ready”. Therefore, they use the process of writing not only to already hold results, but also as a tool for exploration and discovery of a topic.
Write an essay is not structured from beginning to end. Instead, they always bring those parts on paper, which seem most prepared for an elaboration. Even if not sure, where and how these fragments later fit into his oeuvre. They revise their work independently and without reservations.

Instead of writing a single draft, and then only to work on the formulation of individual sentences, they focus their attention constantly to the entire essay. They design entire chapter over again, change the arrangement of large parts of the text and add or delete sections to get to an ideal composition. Only when there is an almost complete draft, they begin with the review of sentences and phrases. They pay particular attention to the reading and reasoning flow.

The reader should be easy and without breaks both his sentences, and can follow the ideas behind it. At the very last step, the essay, proofread again if possible with some time lag. Whom these steps systematically implements, is well on the way to a successful business, which the attention of his readers has actually earned.

Dissertation Writing: Contents of the thesis

To equal to clear a common misconception in the world table of contents and structure are the same. The index is a very useful tool for structuring the thesis or any other academic text. Moreover, it helps to organize your own work time.

imageIf you are among the students who create the table of contents only if the thesis is finished already, then you can give a great opportunity. Currently, there is still no uniform statement of how many pages must include a dissertation. In the various cases may be different magnitude.

Usually, this issue is addressed within what you think is acceptable. Exact parameters do not exist, as, of course; it gives freedom to some extent. Each university has its own policies, with an approximate value between 40 and 80 pages of lies. Today, professors rather negative if these page numbers are significantly exceeded judge it.

imageThe determination of the number of pages of the entire thesis, as well as the individual bullet points using the table of contents is a good exercise. Remember the Sunday night scene. It takes exactly 90 minutes. Sometimes it is exciting and sometimes boring, but never shorter or longer than 90 minutes. In addition, a research paper is not part of a bachelor thesis better compressed by more pages, but by a good question, presented information and a logical structure.

How many pages should have my final paper?

Inductive or deductive

It is much easier than it sounds. Science knows only two logical structures: inductive – from the particular to the general – and the deductive – from general to specific. In inductive structure, individual cases are collected. Here there are qualitative methods as before data collection by interview or experiment.

From the results of an attempt to derive a general statement. In the deductive method, the existing scientific evidence is reviewed based on individual cases. The methods are mainly quantitative and include data analysis.

Dissertation Proposal: To fit my expectations and abilities

Here is a SUMMARY CHECKLIST, which to fit expectations and abilities, along with the ideas of the supervisor.

• Do you believe that you have excellent facilities for academic work? Have you completed your degree with honours? In particular: They had a particularly good thesis grade. You the thesis has made it so much fun.

image• You are interested in our research area of user innovation so much that you want to intensively for several years to deal with a single aspect of it. Do you have enough knowledge about this? You might have already made concrete experiences with the topic. Do you have a particular empirical approach?

• Do you enjoy nevertheless systematically develop, i.e. in new ideas, new literature and new empirical-statistical methods independently incorporate?

• If you want to do research, that is a new phenomenon, drawing on existing theories and literature are really getting on the ground, even if you read it a lot, and learn to think? Do I think through some problems meticulously and precisely, without you having to lose sight of the bigger picture? imageDo you like reading articles from scientific journals such as the Journal of Product Innovation Management ‘,’ Research Policy ‘,’ Journal of Marketing ‘, etc.?

• Is it your goal to publish their research findings in international journals? Are you ready to make sure the appropriate work? Do you have an idea of the necessary work?

• Is secured financing your dissertation time? You have enough time for doctoral studies and the work on the dissertation. Do you have enough time and interest to contribute to the Institute?

• If you want to be part of a young, simple and ambitious research team, which places great emphasis on discussion, mutual support and co-operation? Do you want to benefit from international integration and the numerous contacts of the Institute? Do you enjoy the research process itself?

The aforementioned quality standards apply for secondary corrections. The main difference is that here is seen as the main contact of the doctoral / Ph.D. student, which dominates the line of work. It must be ensured primarily the responsibility of the candidates, that there are no major deviations in the ideas and standards of the two supervisors.